The Importance Of Fire Pumps For Fire Protection

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Fire pumps are water pumps that are specially designed for fighting fires. Unlike most other water pumps, which emit water at set or variable pressures, fire pumps operate using high pressure systems. Indeed, these pumps can sustain intense pressures to emit water rapidly across broad areas, or in high pressure spurts on designated areas. Both techniques facilitate fire fighting. As well as being used on fire brigade trucks, these pumps are incorporated into sprinkler systems in buildings. They can emit fire containment substances like foam, in addition to water.

Fire water pumps are required, when municipal local water systems don't provide enough pressure to satisfy the hydraulic design needs of fire sprinkler systems. Typically, this happens in high rise offices, or in systems which need high terminal fire sprinkler pressures, to distribute sizable quantities of water (for example, in a storage warehouse). Also, a fire pump is necessary, if the water supply used for fire containment is located in a water tank on ground level. Examples of fire service pumps include vertical split case, horizontal split case, vertical turbine, end suction and vertical inline.

A fire pump has to work when a fire occurs. If it doesn't, then it places people's lives in danger. Due to the crucial role of this item of equipment, which is rarely used, engineers who design these systems have to know the relevant standards and codes. Also, they have to use their professional expertise to create a sturdy system, which will run smoothly in difficult circumstances.

Sources:

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fire_pump
  • http://www.onestopfire.com
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fire_pump
  • http://www.wmsprinkler.com