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Fire Protection Engineering For High Rise Buildings
One of the responsibilities of fire protection engineers is the design of safety measures within a building to suppress or control a fire. Another responsibility is to create an effective evacuation plan. Consider the tips below for designing an evacuation plan in a high rise building.
In the tallest buildings, it may be impossible to get all occupants out in a timely manner. Some people may have limited ability to move quickly. Others may have difficulties moving down several flights of stairs. In the event of a fire, the National Fire Protection Association recommends first moving occupants on the floor or floors involved in the fire, followed by those on immediate floors above and below the fire.
For timely evacuation, building evacuation routes should be posted at each end of every floor, or in places where each floor's occupants can easily read them. In addition, routine evacuation drills should be conducted, at least on a yearly basis. Familiarity with the route and plan reduces panic among building occupants and encourages quicker evacuation, if necessary.
An effective plan for any high rise building, designed by fire protection engineers, begins with an advanced warning system. The system can be an alarm or voice system, but must be heard by all building occupants at all times.
Keeping high rise building occupants safe can be a challenge, in the event of an emergency such as a fire. But, with plenty of advanced planning, occupants will be able to move away from areas of danger quickly and efficiently, limiting the potential for injury.